Fragmentation due to Centrifugal Forces in the Photodissociation of H2+ in Intense Laser Fields

Mechanism of centrifugal fragmentation on the lowest Floquet quasienergy surface of para-H2+ with two sample trajectories

Michael Fischer, Ulf Lorenz, Burkhard Schmidt, and Rüdiger Schmidt

By means of quantum-dynamical and classical trajectory calculations of H2+ photodissociation in strong laser fields, it is shown that for certain combinations of pulse durations and intensities the rotational dynamics can lead to fragmentation. In that case, the photofragments exhibit characteristic angular distributions. The classical calculations provide a transparent physical picture of this mechanism which is also very well established in collisions between atomic nuclei or liquid droplets: non-rotating systems are stable, whereas rotating systems fragment due to the decrease of the fragmentation barrier with increasing angular momentum.

Phys. Rev. A 84 (03), 033422 (2011)